Treating property within wills is a pivotal and intricate matter when it comes to estate planning.

How property is bequeathed can significantly impact the distribution of assets, tax implications, and the realization of the testator’s wishes.

To ensure a comprehensive understanding, it is imperative to delve into the nuances of property within wills.

Types Of Property:

Wills commonly encompass various forms of property, including real property (real estate), personal property (movable assets), and financial assets.

Distinguishing and specifying each type is essential for precise asset allocation.

Specific Bequests:

Testators can specify particular assets to bequeath to specific beneficiaries. These may include sentimental heirlooms, art, or properties. The will should clearly outline the item, the recipient, and any conditions or restrictions.

Residuary Estate:

The residuary estate consists of assets not explicitly bequeathed through specific gifts. A well-drafted will should address the distribution of the residuary estate among beneficiaries, either by percentage or in specific proportions.

Debts And Liabilities:

Wills should also consider outstanding debts, taxes, and expenses. Executors are typically instructed to settle these obligations from the estate before distributing assets, ensuring the financial integrity of the estate.

Tax Implications:

Property bequeathal can carry significant tax implications. Professionals must be well-versed in relevant tax laws to optimize asset distribution and minimize tax liabilities for both the estate and beneficiaries.


Some testators choose to establish trusts within their wills to manage and protect property for specific purposes or beneficiaries. These require careful planning and legal structuring.

Legal Formalities:

Ensuring the will complies with legal formalities is paramount. Each jurisdiction has its own requirements, and a professional should be well-versed in these to avoid disputes and complications.

Changing Circumstances:

Testators’ circumstances and assets can change over time. Periodic review and potential updates of the will are advisable to reflect these changes accurately.Professional Guidance:

Given the complexities and legal implications surrounding property in wills, seeking professional guidance from an experienced attorney or estate planner is highly recommended. They can provide expertise in drafting and executing a legally sound will that aligns with the testator’s intentions and legal requirements.

Example 1: Bequeathing Property To A Spouse

Scenario: Sarah and John have been married for 30 years, and they own a family home together. Sarah wants to ensure that John inherits their home in the event of her passing.

Will Clause: 

“I, Sarah Thompson, being of sound mind and body, hereby bequeath all my right, title, and interest in our family home located at 123 Oak Street, Anytown, to my beloved husband, John Thompson, to have and to hold for the rest of his natural life. Upon John’s passing, the ownership of the property shall pass to our children, Jennifer and Michael, in equal shares.”

In this example, Sarah is making a provision in her will to leave their family home to her husband, John, for his lifetime. After John’s passing, the property will pass to their children, Jennifer and Michael, in equal shares.

Example 2: Leaving A Valuable Heirloom To A Friend


Emily is an antique collector and has a cherished antique pocket watch that she wants to ensure goes to her dear friend, Mark, who shares her passion for antiques. She wants to make her wishes clear in her will.

Will Clause: 

“I, Emily Rogers, hereby bequeath my antique gold pocket watch, which is a prized part of my collection, to my friend, Mark Anderson. I hope that Mark will treasure and enjoy this heirloom as much as I have. In the event that Mark predeceases me or is unable or unwilling to accept this bequest, I instruct my executor to ensure the watch is sold, and the proceeds shall be donated to the local antique preservation society.”

In this example, Emily is leaving a specific piece of property, her antique pocket watch, to her friend Mark. She also includes a contingency plan in case Mark cannot inherit the watch, specifying that the watch should be sold, and the proceeds donated to a specific cause. This clause ensures that her beloved heirloom finds a meaningful home, whether with Mark or in support of a cause she cares about.